Carpet terms

A useful reference of carpet terms and what they all mean

Here is a useful list of carpet terms, with clear explanations of what they all mean.


The 80% wool, 20% nylon mix developed by Brintons in the 1950s. Te softness of wool combined with the strength of nylon creates the perfect carpet yarn.


Brintons is the world's leading manufacturer of woven axminster carpets. The axminster weaving process gives incredible flexibility with colour and design. Each piece of pile yarn is individually woven into place, allowing complex and intricate patterning.


Traditionally berbers were made from natural-coloured wools, but what we refer to these days as a berber is a heather with a 'homespun' appearance.


Carpet yarn made from more than one fibre colour, giving a flecked, multicoloured effect.


The pile is the bit you stand on. 'Total pile weight' refers to the amount of yarn used to make the carpet. Deep pile carpets feel more luxurious, while more rows of yarn are harder-wearing.


A type of carpet that uses yarn with a higher twist than usual, to create a textured surface.


Straighter than twisted yarn, with the cut ends at the top, giving a soft, velvety surface.


The oldest method of weaving, offering limited colour choice but a variety of textures. Ideal for producing textured plains.


A traditional process where the pile and backing yarns are woven together, offering unrivalled strength and stability. You can spot a woven carpet by the warp and weft threads on the reverse. Both axminster and wilton carpets are woven.

Please click here for more detailed information about carpet constructions.

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